Death Penalty By Year

The list below indicates the legal status of the death penalty in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia since the United States Supreme Court’s decision in 1972 to declare death penalty statues of that era unconstitutional. The list indicates years prior to 1972 in cases of abolition. Notation of years for the legality of execution does not indicate executions were carried out in each of those years, but simply that it was legal in a particular state to do so. Red indicates a state where the death penalty is currently legal. Gray indicates a state where the death penalty has been abolished, with post-1972 dates listed as a range marking the start and end dates for the legal use of the death penalty in those states. For more detailed information about each state, click the state’s name.

Alabama  Alabama: legal since 1976
Alaska  Alaska: abolished since 1957
Arizona  Arizona: legal since 1973
Arkansas  Arkansas: legal since 1973
 California  California: legal since 1974
 Colorado  Colorado: legal since 1975
   Connecticut: 1973-2012
 Delaware  Delaware: legal since 1974
 District of Columbia  District of Columbia: abolished since 1981
 Florida  Florida: legal since 1972
 Georgia  Georgia: legal since 1973
 Hawaii  Hawaii: abolished since 1957
   Idaho: legal since 1973
 Illinois  Illinois: 1974-2011
   Indiana: legal since 1973
(includes U.S. Federal Death Row:
legal since 1988)
 Iowa  Iowa: abolished since 1965
   Kansas: legal since 1994
(U.S. Military Death Row: legal since 1984)
   Kentucky: legal since 1975
   Louisiana: legal since 1973
   Maine: abolished in 1887
 Massachuesetts  Massachusetts: 1982-1984
 Maryland  Maryland: 1978-2013
 Michigan  Michigan: abolished since 1846
   Minnesota: abolished in 1911
 Mississippi  Mississippi: legal since 1974
 Missouri  Missouri: legal since 1975
 Montana  Montana: legal since 1974
 Nebraska  Nebraska: legal since 1973
 Nevada  Nevada: legal since 1973
 New Hampshire  New Hampshire: legal since 1991
 New Jersey  New Jersey: 1982-2007
 New Mexico  New Mexico: 1979-2009
   New York: 1973 – 1984; 1995-2007
 North Carolina  North Carolina: legal since 1977
 North Dakota  North Dakota: abolished since 1973
 Ohio  Ohio: legal since 1974
 Oklahoma  Oklahoma: legal since 1976
 Oregon State Image  Oregon: 1978-1981; legal since 1984
 Pennsylvania  Pennsylvania: 1974-1977; legal since 1978
 Rhode Island  Rhode Island: 1973-1979; abolished in 1984
 South Carolina  South Carolina: 1974-1977; legal since 1985
 South Dakota  South Dakota: legal since 1979
 Tennessee  Tennessee: legal since 1978
   Texas: legal since 1974
   Utah: legal since 1973
   Vermont: abolished since 1965
   Virginia: legal since 1975
   Washington: 1975-1977; legal since 1981
   West Virginia: abolished since 1965
   Wisconsin: abolished since 1853
   Wyoming: legal since 1977