Prior to secession from the Confederacy and admission to the Union in 1863, West Virginia was a part of Virginia. 43 people were executed under Virginia’s authority, 112 after statehood, for a total of 155.
Prior to 1899, executions in West Virginia were public and were carried out at the county level with minimal state involvement. Starting in 1899, all executions were carried out privately in the West Virginia Penitentiary. All executions carried out before 1950 were hangings. This changed with the introduction of the electic chair the following year. 94 executions occured between 1899 and 1959, the year of the last execution in the state. All of those executed were men. West Virginia attempted to abolish the death penalty multiple times before successfully doing so in 1965. It was the last state to abolish the death penalty before Furman v Georgia, the 1972 US Supreme Court decision which struck down many states’ death penalty statutes as unconstitutional.
Motions to reinstate the death penalty have appeared in the West Virginia legislature, even as recently as 2011, but attempts to reinstate it have never been successful.